138K+ people celebrated the Merge with a commemorative NFT marking Ethereum's second genesis.

The Merge was the result of years of decentralized coordination and innovation. On Merge Day, ConsenSys hosted a 72-hour mint to celebrate the achievement of Ethereum core devs, client teams and researchers. The Regenesis collection was the first public NFT mint on Proof of Stake Ethereum. If you would like to be notified about future NFT drops, sign up today.

Ethereum, Evolved.

ConsenSys invites you to explore the possibilities of a more sustainable, secure and scalable Ethereum.

99.95%

The Merge nearly eliminates Ethereum's carbon footprint, overnight.

5X

Proof of Stake dramatically improves network security.

1

The Merge is a critical first step towards an increasingly scalable future for Ethereum.

99.95%

The Merge nearly eliminates Ethereum's carbon footprint, overnight.

5X

Proof of Stake dramatically improves network security.

1

The Merge is a critical first step towards an increasingly scalable future for Ethereum.

2000x More Sustainable
Decentralized Resilience
Unlocking Scalability
2000x More Sustainable
Decentralized Resilience
Unlocking Scalability

Welcome to The Merge

Explore how the Merge remakes Web3's most important network

Sustainability

The Merge dramatically reduces Ethereum's energy requirements. It introduces a sustainable approach to security known as Proof of Stake, which will cut the network's energy demands by 99.95%.

Ethereum's transition from Proof of Work to a Proof of Stake consensus mechanism, is a fundamental restructuring of the world’s largest general-purpose blockchain. In an instant, the energy requirements of a network that powers thousands of applications, millions of daily transactions and underpins $300 billion of digital assets will drop by 99.95%.

This is the first time a system of this size has eliminated its carbon footprint through innovation and redesign alone. By switching from an approach to security anchored in wasteful computer processing to one that connects the network’s security to the aligned incentives of individual validators, Ethereum can sustainably support an expanding universe of apps built by the next generation of Web3 creators and developers.

Old
Proof of Work
Energy use similar to powering a US house for a week.
New
Proof of Stake
Energy use similar to making a pot of coffee.

Security

Proof of Stake democratizes network participation and provides stronger security guarantees for users and developers of Ethereum.

Overnight, the Merge makes potential attacks on Ethereum more costly and enables the network to fight back against malicious actors with an updated security model.

At launch, Ethereum will have a broad surface area, with ten times as many validators as all other PoS blockchains combined. Additionally, the ETH staked to secure the network implies a cost of attack five times greater than the cost to mount a similar attack on the Bitcoin network. As more validators join and more ETH is staked, network security continues to harden.

The Merge to Proof of Stake also radically decentralizes network security by enlisting individual validators - anyone with an internet connection and an ETH balance - to stake from home and secure a portion of the network. This shift in approach makes ETH a more secure collateral foundation for individual and institutional users alike. Never before has there been a mechanism to contribute to, and share in the profits of, the open-source base layer of the internet.

5X
Stronger

The cost and difficulty of attack increases fivefold overnight, and grows as new validators stake ETH to protect the network.

90%
More Cost Effective

The ETH issuance needed to reward validators is a fraction of what's required to cover miners' energy costs.

Back To
ZERO

Proof of Stake enables Ethereum to fight back against malicious actors, slashing the staked tokens of any attacker and sending them back to where they started.

Scalability

The adoption of Proof of Stake lays the foundation for innovations that will make Ethereum faster and more affordable.

The Merge is part of a series of upgrades to the Ethereum code base designed to make the network faster, more efficient, and more secure.

Over the past few years, as Ethereum's popularity grew and applications began to see significant adoption, the scalability limitations of Proof of Work frustrated users and developers alike.

The update to Proof of Stake unblocks work currently underway by Ethereum developers to update the network's approach to data partitioning, using a process known as sharding.

The combination of sharding and the explosion of innovation around "rollups" - which process transactions off-chain but leverage Ethereum's security - promises to address concerns around scalability and offer the throughput developers expect from a database or cloud service.

ConsenSys & The Merge

How We Got Here

Still curious? Explore how ConsenSys is working toward a goal of global decentralization with the Merge.