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Last update: June 21, 2022

Create a private network using the IBFT consensus protocol

A private network provides a configurable network for testing. This tutorial walks you through creating an IBFT private network with five nodes.

Important

The steps in this tutorial create an isolated, but not protected or secure, Ethereum private network. We recommend running the private network behind a properly configured firewall.

Prerequisites

Tip

GoQuorum is a fork of geth. GoQuorum uses the geth command to start GoQuorum nodes.

Steps

1. Create directories

Create directories for your private network and five nodes:

IBFT-Network/
├── Node-0
│   └── data
│        └── keystore
├── Node-1
│   └── data
│        └── keystore
├── Node-2
│   └── data
│        └── keystore
├── Node-3
│   └── data
│        └── keystore
├── Node-4
│   └── data
│        └── keystore

2. Run the Quorum Genesis Tool

Run the Quorum Genesis Tool interactively or by using CLI options. The following example uses CLI options to create the genesis file and node keys:

npx quorum-genesis-tool --consensus ibft --chainID 1337 --blockperiod 5 --requestTimeout 10 --epochLength 30000 --difficulty 1 --gasLimit '0xFFFFFF' --coinbase '0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000' --validators 5 --members 0 --bootnodes 0 --outputPath 'artifacts'

This command generates node keys for five nodes, static-nodes.json, permissioned-nodes.json, disallowed-nodes.json, and genesis.json.

Example output

Need to install the following packages:
quorum-genesis-tool
Ok to proceed? (y) y
Creating bootnodes...
Creating members...
Creating validators...
Artifacts in folder: artifacts/2022-02-23-12-34-35

The following is the folder structure of the artifacts generated:

IBFT-Network
├── artifacts
    └──2022-02-23-12-34-35
        ├── goQuorum
        │         ├── disallowed-nodes.json
        │         ├── genesis.json
        │         ├── permissioned-nodes.json
        │         └── static-nodes.json
        ├── README.md
        ├── userData.json
        ├── validator0
        │         ├── accountAddress
        │         ├── accountKeystore
        │         ├── accountPassword
        │         ├── accountPrivateKey
        │         ├── address
        │         ├── nodekey
        │         └── nodekey.pub
        ├── validator1
        │         ├── accountAddress
        │         ├── accountKeystore
        │         ├── accountPassword
        │         ├── accountPrivateKey
        │         ├── address
        │         ├── nodekey
        │         └── nodekey.pub
        ├── validator2
        │         ├── accountAddress
        │         ├── accountKeystore
        │         ├── accountPassword
        │         ├── accountPrivateKey
        │         ├── address
        │         ├── nodekey
        │         └── nodekey.pub
        ├── validator3
        │         ├── accountAddress
        │         ├── accountKeystore
        │         ├── accountPassword
        │         ├── accountPrivateKey
        │         ├── address
        │         ├── nodekey
        │         └── nodekey.pub
        └── validator4
            ├── accountAddress
            ├── accountKeystore
            ├── accountPassword
            ├── accountPrivateKey
            ├── address
            ├── nodekey
            └── nodekey.pub

Move all the keys into the artifacts folder directly, for ease of use in the next steps:

cd IBFT-Network
mv artifacts/2022-02-23-12-34-35/* artifacts

3. Update IP and port numbers

Go to the goQuorum directory of the artifacts:

cd artifacts/goQuorum

Update the IP and port numbers for all initial validator nodes in static-nodes.json and permissioned-nodes.json (if applicable).

static-nodes.json

[
  "enode://1647ade9de728630faff2a69d81b2071eac873d776bfdf012b1b9e7e9ae1ea563[email protected]127.0.0.1:30300?discport=0&raftport=53000",
  "enode://0e6f7fff39188535b6084fa57fe0277d022a4beb988924bbb58087a43dd24f5fe[email protected]127.0.0.1:30301?discport=0&raftport=53001",
  "enode://d40a766cb6fe75f052fe21f61bc84ca3851abb6f999d73f97dd76e14fc2dea175[email protected]127.0.0.1:30302?discport=0&raftport=53002",
  "enode://80a98f66d243c6604cda0e1c722eed3d9e080591c81710eec70794e0909e58661[email protected]127.0.0.1:30303?discport=0&raftport=53003",
  "enode://7fa183662285993efaf7a59e303ec5543bbcd09cb2883e7611d9576ed90f3bcf0[email protected]127.0.0.1:30304?discport=0&raftport=53004"
]

Tip

For MacOS users, we recommend using localhost instead of 127.0.0.1.

If you use permissions, replace permissioned-nodes.json with a copy of static-nodes.json.

cp static-nodes.json permissioned-nodes.json

4. Copy the static nodes file and node keys to each node

Copy static-nodes.json, genesis.json, and permissioned-nodes.json (if applicable) to the data directory for each node:

cd validator0; cp nodekey* address ../../Node-0/data
cd ../validator1; cp nodekey* address ../../Node-1/data
cd ../validator2; cp nodekey* address ../../Node-2/data
cd ../validator3; cp nodekey* address ../../Node-3/data
cd ../validator4; cp nodekey* address ../../Node-4/data

In each validator directory, copy the nodekey files and address to the data directory:

cd ../validator0; cp account* ../../Node-0/data/keystore
cd ../validator1; cp account* ../../Node-1/data/keystore
cd ../validator2; cp account* ../../Node-2/data/keystore
cd ../validator3; cp account* ../../Node-3/data/keystore
cd ../validator4; cp account* ../../Node-4/data/keystore

Copy the individual account keys to the keystore directory for each node:

cp account* ../../Node-0/data/keystore
cp account* ../../Node-1/data/keystore
cp account* ../../Node-2/data/keystore
cp account* ../../Node-3/data/keystore
cp account* ../../Node-4/data/keystore

5. Initialize nodes

In each node directory (Node-0, Node-1, Node-2, Node-3, and Node-4), initialize the node:

geth --datadir data init data/genesis.json

6. Start node 0

In the Node-0 directory, start the first node:

export ADDRESS=$(grep -o '"address": *"[^"]*"' ./data/keystore/accountKeystore | grep -o '"[^"]*"$' | sed 's/"//g')
export PRIVATE_CONFIG=ignore
geth --datadir data \
    --networkid 1337 --nodiscover --verbosity 5 \
    --syncmode full \
    --istanbul.blockperiod 5 --mine --miner.threads 1 --miner.gasprice 0 --emitcheckpoints \
    --http --http.addr 127.0.0.1 --http.port 22000 --http.corsdomain "*" --http.vhosts "*" \
    --ws --ws.addr 127.0.0.1 --ws.port 32000 --ws.origins "*" \
    --http.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --ws.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --unlock ${ADDRESS} --allow-insecure-unlock --password ./data/keystore/accountPassword \
    --port 30300

The PRIVATE_CONFIG environment variable starts GoQuorum without privacy enabled.

7. Start nodes 1, 2, 3, and 4

In a new terminal for each node in each node directory, start the remaining nodes using the same command except specifying different ports for DevP2P and RPC.

Important

The DevP2P port numbers must match the port numbers in static-nodes.json.

export ADDRESS=$(grep -o '"address": *"[^"]*"' ./data/keystore/accountKeystore | grep -o '"[^"]*"$' | sed 's/"//g')
export PRIVATE_CONFIG=ignore
geth --datadir data \
    --networkid 1337 --nodiscover --verbosity 5 \
    --syncmode full \
    --istanbul.blockperiod 5 --mine --miner.threads 1 --miner.gasprice 0 --emitcheckpoints \
    --http --http.addr 127.0.0.1 --http.port 22001 --http.corsdomain "*" --http.vhosts "*" \
    --ws --ws.addr 127.0.0.1 --ws.port 32001 --ws.origins "*" \
    --http.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --ws.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --unlock ${ADDRESS} --allow-insecure-unlock --password ./data/keystore/accountPassword \
    --port 30301
export ADDRESS=$(grep -o '"address": *"[^"]*"' ./data/keystore/accountKeystore | grep -o '"[^"]*"$' | sed 's/"//g')
export PRIVATE_CONFIG=ignore
geth --datadir data \
    --networkid 1337 --nodiscover --verbosity 5 \
    --syncmode full \
    --istanbul.blockperiod 5 --mine --miner.threads 1 --miner.gasprice 0 --emitcheckpoints \
    --http --http.addr 127.0.0.1 --http.port 22002 --http.corsdomain "*" --http.vhosts "*" \
    --ws --ws.addr 127.0.0.1 --ws.port 32002 --ws.origins "*" \
    --http.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --ws.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --unlock ${ADDRESS} --allow-insecure-unlock --password ./data/keystore/accountPassword \
    --port 30302
export ADDRESS=$(grep -o '"address": *"[^"]*"' ./data/keystore/accountKeystore | grep -o '"[^"]*"$' | sed 's/"//g')
export PRIVATE_CONFIG=ignore
geth --datadir data \
    --networkid 1337 --nodiscover --verbosity 5 \
    --syncmode full \
    --istanbul.blockperiod 5 --mine --miner.threads 1 --miner.gasprice 0 --emitcheckpoints \
    --http --http.addr 127.0.0.1 --http.port 22003 --http.corsdomain "*" --http.vhosts "*" \
    --ws --ws.addr 127.0.0.1 --ws.port 32003 --ws.origins "*" \
    --http.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --ws.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --unlock ${ADDRESS} --allow-insecure-unlock --password ./data/keystore/accountPassword \
    --port 30303
export ADDRESS=$(grep -o '"address": *"[^"]*"' ./data/keystore/accountKeystore | grep -o '"[^"]*"$' | sed 's/"//g')
export PRIVATE_CONFIG=ignore
geth --datadir data \
    --networkid 1337 --nodiscover --verbosity 5 \
    --syncmode full \
    --istanbul.blockperiod 5 --mine --miner.threads 1 --miner.gasprice 0 --emitcheckpoints \
    --http --http.addr 127.0.0.1 --http.port 22004 --http.corsdomain "*" --http.vhosts "*" \
    --ws --ws.addr 127.0.0.1 --ws.port 32004 --ws.origins "*" \
    --http.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --ws.api admin,eth,debug,miner,net,txpool,personal,web3,istanbul \
    --unlock ${ADDRESS} --allow-insecure-unlock --password ./data/keystore/accountPassword \
    --port 30304

8. Attach to node 0

In another terminal in the Node-0 directory, attach to node 0:

geth attach data/geth.ipc

9. Check peer count

Use the JavaScript console to check the peer count:

net.peerCount
4

Tip

If the peer count is 0, check that static-nodes.json was updated with the correct port numbers and copied to the data directory for each node.

The enode ID displayed in the logs on startup must match the enode listed in static-nodes.json for each node, including the port number specified using --port on startup.

The log message is:

INFO [12-08|10:44:55.044] Started P2P networking   self="enode://1647ade9de728630faff2a69d81b2071eac873d776bfdf012b1b9e7e9ae1ea563[email protected]127.0.0.1:30301?discport=0"

10. List current validators

Use istanbul.getValidators to view the validator addresses.

istanbul.getValidators("latest")
["e1a8d6a6866a6c8f25ed853e3f957b0ed06a8f1c", "6028d68da1df3c54d5f0949de6082fb69a7239d1", "c1ed779faf6975399c5bdb90b40e2f324185bad0", "6480d9bf06fc8ba9a0393976386e47a5c4f014de", "da4d64ac5fea8aaf2943680241ce9ca4befed870"]

Next steps

You can add and remove validators.

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